Joaquim Oliveira Caetano e António Alegria
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According to the republican ideals, through museums society finds itself and takes care of the its past. And not only takes possession, as it, through the decontextualization of objects, changes them, replacing its early functions, values and symbolisms, for others, typically laic, of aesthetic beauty, of history contextualization, of national emblematic meaning. It is this new collective appropriation, essential to a laic State, that creation of the Republican Museums is funded upon, in a phenomenon that spans from the French Revolution and that expanded throughout practically all of Europe.